Most likely post your 50s, your doctor may come up with a revelation. Your eye doctor may tell you that you have developed a cataract. Now, what is cataract surgery? How is it performed? What are the complications that may arise in having the surgery performed? These are questions to which you are going to get answers. So, stay tuned to read the article until the end.
What is Cataract Surgery?
A cataract is a clouding of the lens caused inside the eye that can cause a significant amount of vision loss. This cannot be corrected via glasses or lenses. You must perform a specialized form of surgery named cataract surgery. Only then will you be able to get back your vision to normal.
Deeper insights into the same- Facts and figures
Cataracts are usually associated with the aging process. This form of eye disorder is usually common among older Americans. It is usually anticipated the patients above the age of 80 perform eye-cataracts on an ongoing basis. According to the estimates of the National Eye Institute or NEI in the US, roughly 24.4 million people had their cataract surgeries done. This figure may increase to 50.2 million by the year 2050. But the rising figures of cataract prospects need not worry you anymore.
Modern and viable methods of cataract can assure you of a speedier recovery. These surgeries are safe and cause optimal pain to patients who are undergoing the same. Post cataract surgeries, 80% of the patients have reported improved vision gain. Plus, the surgery also reduces the dependence on wearing glasses or lenses. Which part of the geographical domain are you in? Do you reside in India? If the answer is yes, you can look for a renowned cataract surgery hospital in Delhi.
Learn the Basics of Cataract Surgery
You mainly go in for cataract surgery to remove the cloudy clout surrounding your lens. Your original eye-lens is replaced with an artificial lens. The artificial lens is also known as the IOL (Intro Ocular Lens). The artificial lens is stitched into your eyes, restoring clearer vision. You have the procedure usually carried out in an outpatient facility. This means you don’t have to stay at the hospital premises overnight.
This is how most of the modern cataract surgeries are performed. The eye-specialist uses a high-frequency ultrasound device. This, in turn, breaks the cloud into smaller fragments. Now, the fragments of the cloudy substance, are gently removed from the eye using suction. The enhanced procedure is also known as phacoemulsification. You can simply call it phaco. The ultra-modern treatments also use lesser incisions as compared to cataract surgeries that were performed a decade back.
This way, you get a faster healing time. The invasive procedures also minimize other pertinent complications that can arise out of performing cataract surgery. Retinal detachment is one of them. Sometimes, you might develop a squint as well. You will have to conform to an appointment with a renowned squint specialist in Delhi. To have this corrected.
What Happens to You after The Cloud-like Clout is Removed from Your Eyes?
You have remnants of the cloudy clout removed from your eye-area. The cataract specialist now inserts a clear Intra Ocular Lens. He securely positions it behind the iris and the pupil. This is the same position as that of your natural eye-lens. The IOL will be placed in front of your iris and pupils, but this scenario isn’t very common.
The eye-specialist now gets the cataract surgery completed. Do you have any idea how this is done? The clout removal plus IOL implementation procedure marks the closure of the eye. A suture might be needed to close the incision of the eye. A protective shield may also be placed about the eye-palette. This way, the artificial lens is kept safe during the earlier stages of recovery.
Laser Cataract Surgeries
Laser cataract surgery might be performed. But the effectiveness of the precision of the advanced form of treatment may not be guaranteed as in a traditionally performed method. The laser cataract is compared to a corneal flap. It has been approved for use by the FDA, US. The laser treatments reduce the need for surgical blades or other kinds of hand-held tools. Procedure wise, this is how it is done.
- Surgeons access the lens by creating corneal incisions.
- The anterior capsule of the lens gets removed.
- The cataract is fragmented. This way, lesser phaco energy is needed to break it or remove it.
- The eye-specialist also creates peripheral corneal incisions to reduce astigmatism among patients.
The laser cataract surgery is relatively new in the field of medicine. The cost of the treatments can go higher up the radar. Mainly because the surgeons spend a whopping $300, 00, 000 to $350, 00, 000 to purchase expensive laser guilds or equipment. The recovery time, the safety of the procedure and vision gain cannot be predicted accurately via laser methods.
Prepping up Steps before The Onset of a Cataract Surgery
Before the onset of you taking up a major cataract surgery, your ophthalmologist will guide you through the following steps. The points are bulleted for you to facilitate an easier degree of understanding.
- Get a comprehensive eye-examination performed. This way, the eye doctor can access the overall health of your eyes. Farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism will be checked upon. This is before taking up the surgery.
- The ophthalmologist will take additional measurements of your eye area. This is mainly to determine the curvature of the cornea. The length of your eye will also be measured.
- You will also be allowed to choose from a wide range of IOLs that are available. You can go in, for toric IOLs, that correct astigmatism as well.
- You can opt for a mono-focal lens implant if you don’t mind using eyeglasses. After the cataract surgery, you will need a pair of reading glasses only for a specified period of time. In other words, you don’t have to wear your glasses all through the day. The monofocal IOLs are effective enough to take you through. You will need reading glasses only after a month, post the surgery.
- You may have to go in for prescription-based eyeglasses if you have the cataract done only for one eye.
The usual cataract surgery is performed for about 15 minutes. But you may need to arrive at the eye-care center at least 90 minutes before the commencement of your surgery. The extra time is needed for you to prep up for the surgery. The ophthalmologist dilates the pupils. He/she administers pre-operative medication. Post the surgery, you will have a brief session. Here, the eye surgeon evaluates the effectiveness of the surgery that has been performed. You will be given clear cut instructions on how you need to carry on, post the operation. You need to have someone drive you home.
You cannot drive until you have visited your eye-surgeon at least a day or two, after the surgery. The surgeon tests your vision and then confirms if you are ready to take up driving or not. You can arrange for a taxicab to take you to the eye-hospital multiple numbers of times.
Some of The Dos on The Recovery Procedure
Here are some of the bulleted points on the post-operative dos you are supposed to comply with. Here, they are:
- You will have to pour the prescribed variant on eye-drops multiple times in a day. The process continues for a few weeks post the cataract surgery.
- You will need to wear your protective eye-shield especially before you start sleeping at night. Or even while you take short naps during the afternoons. The process continues at least for a week post the cataract surgery
- To protect your IOLs or lenses from sunlight or other forms of environmental torrents, you will be prescribed with a special pair of sunglasses.
Pertinent Don’t Concern the Cataract Surgery
Post the cataract surgery, you are refrained from doing the following. These are:
- Strenuous activities involving heavy lifting. You cannot lift objects as you cannot see them clearly. This is one main reason why your eye-specialist gives you complete bed rest for two to three weeks post the cataract surgeries.
- Heavy bending, exercising, or playing badminton squash is a strict no-no. These are high-end physical activities that can cause undue strain or stress to the operated eye.
- Water splashing into your eyes may cause infections. It is better that you keep your eyelids tightly shut when you bathe or shower. You cannot go swimming at least for two weeks post the cataract surgery.
- During the procedure, exposing your eyes to dust, grime, or other infection-causing contaminants is also a strict don’t.
Your cataract surgeon gives you specific recommendations and guidelines depending on the type of surgery that has been performed — also based on the outcome of the procedure. You may have mild refractive errors post the surgery. These can be corrected via glasses fitted with progressive lenses. You can prefer to wear them full-time too, as you attain the best possible vision across all distances.
Your ophthalmologist may suggest a cataract eye surgery if you experience vision loss. Friends Eye & Childcare Centre uses the best technology to provide the best treatment for all your eye care problems. The doctors are well trained and exceptionally skilled in advanced treatments for different eye conditions. Book an appointment today!