Retinal Investigations

Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment is a serious eye issue and occurs when the retina located at the back of the eye gets pulled away from its actual position. This situation is termed emergency and requires immediate medical attention.

The retinal cells get separated from the blood vessel layer, which provides nourishment and oxygen to the eyes. If retinal detachment is left untreated, it can also cause loss of vision permanently. While there are several symptoms one can look for, the warning signs include the appearance of floaters all off a sudden, flashes and low vision.

Symptoms

Retinal detachment is often painless, and most of the symptoms appear just before it occurs or when it has advanced. Some of the symptoms include,

  • The appearance of floaters, which look like little specks that drift through, causing problems and discomfort during the vision.
  • Photopsia or flashes of light in either one eye or both of them
  • Blurred or low vision
  • Peripheral vision
  • Having a shadow over the visual field

Immediate medical attention is suggested if you see any signs or symptoms related to retinal detachment. If left untreated, it can cause permanent damage to your vision.

Causes

Retinal detachment can occur due to various reasons, and some of them are mention below.

Rhegmatogenous: This is the most common of the retinal detachments that occur. This can occur when the retina has a hole or a tear, and this allows the passage of fluid through it. In such cases, the fluid gets collected under the retina and moves it away from the tissues. The areas where the retina gets detached starts to lose the blood supply, thus decreasing vision. Rhegmatogenous can occur due to old age, and the condition is called posterior vitreous detachment.

Tractional: During this kind of retinal detachment, the growth of scar tissue can be seen on the surface of the retina. Such growth can pull away the retina, and this condition is often seen in people who have diabetes.

Exudative

: This is a kind of detachment where the fluid gets accumulated under the retina, but there are no tears or holes. This condition can occur due to macular degeneration, or when there is an injury to the eye. This can also occur due to inflammatory issues or tumors.

Risk factors

The below-mentioned factors can increase the risk of retinal detachment in people.

  • The condition is seen more in people who are over the age of 50.
  • In those who have had a retinal detachment in one eye earlier
  • Have a family history
  • Myopia or extreme nearsightedness
  • Have had eye surgery earlier
  • Eye injury
  • Due to existing diseases or disorders

If you are suffering from a sudden decrease in vision and see any symptoms of retinal detachment, do consult our medical experts immediately. We at Friends Eye and Childcare Centre believe in early detection of an ailment and offer better eye treatment options for early recovery.

Contact us for an appointment for Retinal Detachment